Clothing from an Islamic Perspective


Clothing from an Islamic Perspective
 Clothing from an Islamic Perspective

Muslims have to pay attention to their appearance, making sure that their clothing is pretty and clean, particularly when dealing with others and when performing the prayers, as the Qur’an says, “Children of Adam, wear your best clothes to every mosque.” (Soorat Al-A‛raaf, 7:31)

Allah May He be dignified and glorified  has allowed people to put on beautiful clothes and wear  a good appearance, as doing so is one aspect of remembering Allah’s blessings upon them. As the Qur’an says , “Say, ‘Who has prohibited the decoration of Allah, which He has brought forth for His servants and the good things, clean and pure, which Allah has supplied for them?’ Say, ‘They are [lawful] for the believers in the present life but they shall be exclusively for them on the Day of Resurrection.’ Thus We explain Our signs for a people who understand.” (Soorat Al-A‛raaf, 7:32)

Clothing Serves a Number of aims 
It covers the parts of the body which must be covered in general, following the standards of modesty which are innate in all human beings: “Children of Adam, We have sent down clothing to you to conceal your private parts.” (Soorat Al-A‛raaf, 7:26)
It includes the body against heat, cold and harm in public. Heat and cold are weather phenomena which can harm people. Describing the advantages  of clothing which He has supplied for His servants, Allah states, “He has made shield for you in the mountains and He has made apparels for you to preserve you from the heat and apparels  to preserve you from each other’s violence. In that way He perfects His blessing on you so that hopefully you may dedicate yourselves to Him.” (Soorat An-Nahl, 16:81)
Islam is a religion which lays down principles based on the dictates of the pure nature innate in all humans (fitrah), straightforward reasoning and sound logic.

The General principle Regarding Clothing
Islam is a religion which lays down rules based on the dictates of the pure nature innate in all humans (fitrah), straightforward reasoning and sound logic. 
The general principle in the Sharee‛ah is that all sorts of clothing and decoration are permitted.
Indeed, Islam does not impose Muslims to put on a specific type of clothing. It considers all types of clothing lawful as long as such clothing serves the required purposes without exceeding the bounds set by Islam in this respect.
The Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him wore the same type of clothes prevalent in his time and did not order people to wear a particular type of clothing. He only warned them against certain qualities relating to clothing, for the general rule in Islamic Law regarding dealings in general, including clothing, is that everything is allowed unless there is evidence which states otherwise; this means nothing is considered forbidden except with evidence, as opposed to acts of worship, such as the prayer and fasting, which are governed by the principle of restriction, in that legally responsible people must not perform any act of worship unless it becomes clear to them that it is prescribed and approved by Allah Himself, and thus no act of worship may be performed without textual evidence from the Qur’an and the Prophet’s Sunnah.
The Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him said, “Eat, drink, dress and give charity, but without extravagance or arrogance.” (Sunan An-Nasaa’ee: 2559)

While Islam outlines a code of modesty, it has no fixed standard as to a type of clothing that Muslims must wear. However, Muslims may use the same sort of clothes commonly used in their respective countries, with the exception of those that Islam has declared prohibited.


Prohibited Types of Clothing
Clothing that uncovers the private parts: Muslims have to cover their private parts with suitable clothing, as the Qur’an states, “Children of Adam! We have sent down clothing to you to conceal your private parts.” (Soorat Al-A‛raaf, 7:26)
Islam has fixed the standards of modesty for both men and women. For men, the minimum amount to be covered is between the navel and the knee. For women who are in the existence of men not related to them, they must cover their bodies except for their face and hands. 
Islam imposes that clothing must also be loose enough to cover the body properly. Therefore, skin-tight and see-through clothes are not permitted in Islam. In fact, the Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him bewared those people who do not observe modesty in dress, calling them “types among the people of Hellfire”, one of them being “women who are clothed yet naked”.
Clothing that includes dressing like or imitating the opposite sex: This sort of clothing is strictly prohibited in Islam and wearing it is considered one of the great sins. This imitation may be extended to contain imitation in the manner of speaking, gait and movement, for Allah’s Messenger May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him damned men who put on women’s clothes and women who wear men’s clothes. (Sunan Abu Daawood: 4098) He also damned  men who make themselves look like women and women who make themselves look like men. (Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree: 5546) By guiding men and women to observe different modes of dress, Islam takes into account the biological differences between them and encourages them to act in accordance with the dictates of cause and dictates of sound cause and the pure inner nature innate in all humans (fitrah).
It is forbidden to put on clothing which contains imitation of the dress traditionally worn by non-Muslims or clothing of religious importance .


Clothing that contains imitation of the dress traditionally worn by non-Muslims, such as the sort of clothing worn by monks and priests and wearing a cross. This also includes clothing that is certain to a specific religion, for the Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him said, “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.” (Sunan Abu Daawood: 4031) This imitation extends to wearing clothing of religious importance  . Imitation of this sort is a mark of weakness and lack of confidence in the truth one adopts.
Imitation here does not contain wearing clothing that is predominant in one’s country even if such dress is worn by the majority of non-Muslims, for the Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him used to put on clothing that was common amongst the Quraysh pagans with the exception of those clothing items that are expressly prohibited .
Clothing that is worn with pride and conceit: The Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him said, “No one who has an atom’s weight of pride in his heart will enter Paradise.” (Saheeh Muslim: 91)
It is for this cause that Islam warns against trailing one’s lower decoration on the ground out of pride. The Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him said, “On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not even look at those who drag their garments on the ground out of pride.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhaare: 3465; Saheeh Muslim: 2085)
Islam also alarms against wearing the so-called libaas ash-shuhrah (flamboyant, flashy clothing). In fact, this term points to a number of things including any sort of weird clothing which has specific qualities that attract the attention of the general public, making its wearer known for it; ‘famous clothing’ due to its sort or loud and odious colour; any sort of clothing that makes its wearer an object of pride and fame, attracting too much attention to himself. The Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him said, “Whoever wears clothes of shuhrah in this world, Allah will make him wear clothes of humiliation on the Day of Judgement.” (Musnad Ahmad: 5664; Sunan Ibn Maajah: 3607)
Extravagant clothing is prohibited , but this varies from one person to another depending on one’s income and financial adherences one has to perform .


Silk clothing or clothing decorated with gold or silk for men: Pointing to gold and silk once, the Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him said, “These are forbidden for men among my followers but permissible for women.” (Sunan Ibn Maajah: 3595; Sunan Abu Daawood: 4057)
By silk is meant pure silk acquired from the cocoon of the silkworm.
Extravagant clothing: The Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him once said, “Eat, give charity and wear clothes. Let no extravagance or pride be mixed with what you do.” (Sunan An-Nasaa’ee: 2559)

The manner of dressing, however, differs from one person to another depending on one’s social position. If a person is wealthy , he may buy clothing that a poor person cannot afford, presented his monthly outcome, economic position and other financial adherences he has to perform . While a piece of clothing may be considered a shape of extravagance for a poor person, it may not be considered as such for a rich person.

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