The Story of Prophet Yunus/Jonah (pbuh)

The Story of Prophet Yunus/Jonah (pbuh)

The Story of Prophet Yunus/Jonah (pbuh)

Prophet Jonah (Yunus) (pbuh) also known as Dhan-Nun. About his people Almighty Allah said: Was there any town community that believed after seeing the punishment, and its Faith at that moment, saved it from the punishment? (the answer is none)--except the people of Jonah; when they believed, We removed from them the torment of disgrace in the life of the present world, and permitted them to enjoy for a while. (Ch 10:98 Quran)

The residents of the town of Nineveh were idolaters who lived a abusive life. Prophet Jonah (pbuh) was sent to instruct them the worship of Allah. The people hated his interference in their way of worship, so they argued. "We and our forefathers have worshipped these gods for many years and no harm has come to us."

Attempt as he might to convince them of the stupidity of idolatry and of the goodness of Allah's rules , they ignored him. He bewared them that if they kept on with their stupidity , Allah's punishment would soon follow. Instead of frightening  Allah, they told Jonah that they were not afraid of his threats. "Let it happen," they told him. Jonah was disheartened. "in that case, I will leave you to your misery!" so saying, he left Nineveh, fearing that Allah's anger would soon follow. Remember Dhan Nun (Jonah), when he went off in anger, and imagined that We shall not punish him (the calamities which had befallen him)! (ch 21:87)

Hardly had he left the city when the skies started to change color and looked as if they were on fire. The people were filled with horror by this sight. They recalled the devastation of the people of 'Ad, Thamud and Noah. Was theirs to be a similar fate? Slowly faith infiltrated their hearts. They all assembled on the mountain and began to beseech Allah for His grace and forgiveness. The mountains echoed with their cries. It was a dangerous hour, filled with sincere penance.

Allah removed His rage and showered His blessings upon them once again. When the menacing storm was lifted, they prayed for the return of Jonah so that he could direct them.

Meanwhile, Jonah had boarded a small ship in the company of other passengers. It sailed all day in calm waters with a good wind storming at the sails. When night came, the sea suddenly changed. A terrible storm blew as if it were going to divide the ship into pieces. The waves looked wild. They rose up as high as mountains then plunged down like valleys, tossing the ship and sweeping over the deck.

Behind the ship, a huge whale was dividing the water and opening its mouth. A order had been released from Almighty Allah to one of the greatest whales of the sea to surface. It obeyed. The whale hurried to the surface of the sea and followed the ship as it had been ordered 

The tempest went on and the chief crewman asked the crew to illuminate the ship's weighty load. They threw their luggage overboard, but this was not enough. Their safety lay in decreasing the weight further, so they resolved among themselves to illuminate their load by removing at least one person.

The captain guided : We will make lots with all of the travelers' names. The one whose name is drawn will be thrown into the sea." Jonah knew this was one of the seamen's traditions when facing a tempest. It was a odd polytheistic tradition, but it was practiced at that time. Jonah's affliction and crisis started .

Here was the prophet, subjected to polytheistic laws that considered the sea and the wind to have gods that riot. The captain had to please these gods. Jonah reluctantly participated in the lot, and his name was added to the other travelers' names. The lot was drawn and "Jonah" appeared.

Since they knew him to be the most honorable among them, they did not wish to throw him into the anxious sea. Therefore, they resolved to draw a second lot. Again Jonah's name was drawn. They granted him a final chance and drew a third lot. Unfortunately for Jonah, his name came up again.

Jonah realized that Allah's hand was in all this, for he had gave up his mission without Allah's consent. The matter was over, and it was resolved that Jonah should throw himself into the water. Jonah stood at the edge of the ship looking at the furious sea. It was night and there was no moon. The stars were concealed behind a black fog. But before he could be thrown overboard, Jonah kept mentioning Allah's name as he jumped into the raging sea and disappeared beneath the large waves.

The whale found Jonah floating on the waves before it. It swallowed Jonah into its strong stomach and shut its ivory teeth on him as if they were white bolts locking the door of his prison. The whale dived to the bottom of the sea, the sea that runs in the abyss of darkness.

Three layers of darkness enveloped him, one above the other; the darkness of the whale's stomach, the darkness of the bottom of the sea, the darkness of the night. Jonah imaged himself to be dead, but his senses became alert when he found he could stir . He knew that he was alive and imprisoned in the midst of three layers of darkness. His heart was moved by remembering Allah. His tongue released soon after saying: La ilaha illa Anta (none has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allah), Glorified (and Exalted) be You (above all that evil they associate with You), Truly, I have been of the wrong doers." (Ch 21:87 Quran)

Jonah went on praying to Allah, repeating this supplication. Fishes, whales, seaweeds, and all the creatures that lived in the sea heard the voice of Jonah praying, heard the celebration of Allah's praises releasing from the whale's stomach. All these creatures assembled around the whale and started to celebrate the praises of Allah in their turn, each in its own way and in its own language.

The whale also participated in celebrating the praises of Allah and comprehend that it had swallowed a prophet. Therefore it felt afraid; however, it said to itself; "Why should I be afraid? Allah commanded me to swallow him."

Allah Almighty saw the sincere penitence of Jonah and heard his supplication in the whale's stomach. Allah ordered the whale to surface and eject Jonah onto an island. The whale obeyed and swam to the farthest side of the ocean. Allah ordered it to rise towards the warm, refreshing sun and the pleasant earth.

The whale ejected Jonah onto a remote island. His body was inflamed because of the acids inside the whale's stomach. He was sick , and when the sun rose, its ray burned his inflamed body so that he was on the verge of screaming for the pain. However, he tolerated the pain and went on to repeat his supplication to Allah.

Almighty Allah caused a vine to grow to considerable length over him for preservation . Then Allah Exalted caused Jonah to recover and forgave him. Allah told Jonah that if it had not been for his praying to Him, he would have stayed in the whale's stomach till the Day of Judgment.

Almighty Allah recounted: And, verily, Jonah was one of the Messengers. When he ran to the laden ship, he agreed to cast lots and he was among the losers, Then a big fish swallowed him and he had done an deed worthy of blame. Had he not been of them who glorify Allah, he would have indeed stayed inside its belly (the fish) till the Day of Resurrection. But We cast him forth on the naked shore while he was sick and We caused a plant of gourd to grow over him. And We sent him to a hundred thousand people or even more, and they believed; so We gave them enjoyment for a while. (Ch 37:139-148 Quran).

Gradually he regained his force and found his way to his hometown, Nineveh. He was pleasantly astonished to notice the change that had happened  there. The complete population turned out to welcome him. They informed him that they had turned to believe in Allah. Together they led a prayer of thanksgiving to their Merciful Lord.

Ibn Abbas recited : "The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: 'One should not say I am better than Jonah Ibn Matta.'" (Sahih Bukhari).

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