THE PROPHET SULAIMAN (peace be upon him)

THE PROPHET SULAIMAN (peace be upon him)        

THE PROPHET SULAIMAN (peace be upon him)

The Prophet Sulaiman (Solomon) was the youngest son of the Prophet Dawud (peace be upon him). The name of his mother was Saba. He was born at Jerusalem. As he was a talented fellow with versatile endowment, his father made him his inheritor.  After the death of Prophet Dawud (peace be upon him) he ascended the throne of Judia on account of his wisdom, power of judgement, right comprehension and spiritual insight.  The Holy Qur'an says: "And We verily gave knowledge to Dawud and Sulaiman and they said: praise be to Allah Who has preferred us above many of his believing servants".  (27: I5) 

The Prophet Sulaiman Makes Sound Decisions: 
The Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) was gifted with the quality of presenting sound determination in complicated matters .  Once a debate advanced between two persons.  They were present before the Prophet Dawud (peace be upon him).  One of them said: Sir, the sheep of that person have ran over over my crops.  They have grazed and caused me a great loss.  It must be compensated by the possessor .  The shepherd was very needy.  He had nothing except sheep and the harm done to the crops exceeded the price of the sheep.  The Prophet Dawud (peace be upon him) commanded the defaulter to grant his sheep to the possessor of the land as reparation.  Sulaiman, the teen-aged child was listening to the judgement of his father.  He, respectfully, spoke out: Dear father, undoubtedly, your determination is correct but it will be handed over to more suitable if all the sheep are the plaintiff for the usage of their milk and wool only.  The respondent should be guided to render services to the possessor of the field until the condition of the harmed fields restores to the normal position.  When it is done, sheep must be returned to the shepherd.  The Prophet Dawud (peace be upon him) appreciated this novel way of granting justice and the Holy Qur'an speaks very highly of him:

"And Dawud (David) and Sulaiman (Solomon)  when they gave judgement concerning the field, when people's sheep had strayed and browsed therein by night; and We were witnesses to their judgement.  And We made Sulaiman to understand (the case); and unto each of them We gave judgement and knowledge." (21: 78, 79) 

Prevalence over Wind: 
The Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) inherited many virtues from his prominent father.  He was gifted with special talents.  Wind was made subservient to him and he could easily have long journey in the twinkling of an eye.  The Holy Qur'an affirms:

"And (We made) the wind subservient to Sulaiman whereof the morning course was a month's journey and the course a month's journey." (54:12)

"So We subjected the wind to his power, setting fair by his command withersoever he intended" (38:36)

"And unto Sulaiman We subdued the wind in its raging.  It flows by his order towards the land which We had blessed And of every thing We are aware." (21:81) 

The Prophet Dawud realise the Speech of the Birds: 
The Prophet Sulaiman peace be upon him) was talented with the knowledge of comprehension the speech of birds, animals and insects.  He was also able to talk to them.  The Holy Qur'an witnesses to it in the following Verses:

"He (Sulaiman) said: O' People! We have been taught the language of the birds and have been given (abundance) of all things; this is indeed grace manifest (from Allah)." 

Jinns are Subdued to Him
He was also presented the power over Jinns and Devils.  He used them in his service.   They carried out his commands ungrudgingly and were penalized when they became disobedient The Holy Qur'an affirms:

034.012 And to Solomon (We made) the Wind (obedient): Its early morning (stride) 
was a month's (journey), and its evening (stride) was a month's (journey); and We 
made a Font of molten brass to flow for him; and there were Jinns that worked in 
front of him, by the leave of his Lord, and if any of them turned aside from our 
command, We made him taste of the Penalty of the Blazing Fire.

034.013 They worked for him as he desired, (making) arches, images, basons as large 
as reservoirs, and (cooking) cauldrons fixed (in their places): "Work ye, sons of 
David, with thanks! but few of My servants are grateful!"

In another Verse the Holy Qur'an says: "And before Sulaiman were marshalled his hosts--of Jinns, and men and birds and they were all in order and ranks." (21: 17)

It is announced that the Jinns were submitted  to the Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) to aid him in the construction of the Holy Temple - Baitul Muqaddas (Masjid Aqsa). 

Ardent Lover of Horses: 
The Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) was also a great lover of horses.  They constituted an basic part of his army.  When they went back after a mission, he would grant them strokes of affections on ankles and necks.  The Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) did so in approbation of their fidelity and high speed. 

The event of the Queen of Saba: 
The area which now comprises Yemen and is known as Saba was governed by a queen.  It was a flourishing kingdom.  The queen enabled its people to gain a high degree of civilisation.  One day Hud informed the Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) of the flourishing kingdom of Saba.  It said:

"The ruler of Saba is the queen upon whom, God has given His indefinite favours.   Her throne is wonderful.  She is depraved.  The inhabitants of her kingdom worship the sun and the moon.  They do not make loyalty to Allah and abstain from thanking Him Who has created all these objects." Sulaiman, the Prophet of Allah and the King wrote a letter and handed over to Hud to be transferred to the queen of Saba.  He warned her not to be snooty of her power.  He advised her to undergo to God and abide by His orders .  The queen read this letter and was much confused .  As she was a prudent lady, she called her heads and sought their counsels.   Some proud heads suggested to combat tooth and nail against the Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) whereas the others left the matter for her to decide.  The Holy Qur'an says:

''She said: O' chiefs! Advise me in this affair for I never decide an affair until you are in my presence.  They said: We are endowed with strength and ale possessors of mighty powers  but the command is thine.  Therefore see what you will command." (27:29-33)

The queen did not like to implicate her country into war because it would cause devastation .  She thought of a plan and arranged for precious endowments for the monarch.   She planned to emerge cordial relations and calm down her warlike subjects by using this device.  But wealth had no value for the Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him).   He was disturbed at the delivery of the gifts .  He returned them with harsh words and said to the messenger:

"I do not hanker after wealth.  I, therefore, attach no significance to there Costly presents .  I wish that the queen and his followers should undergo to God and follow the true faith.  I shall invade your country if the queen does not come to me in submission.''

After some time the King advanced with an army and passed through the Valley of Ants on his way to the kingdom of Saba.  In the Valley he overheard the conversation among the frightened ants who hurried towards their holes for horror of being crushed under the feet of the advancing army.  The King was moved to pity and learnt the lesson to preserved the life and honor of the humble creatures.  He thought that the queen and his people are just like humble ants.  They should not be ran over upon and murdered to win Fame in the world.  An account of this event is related in the following Verses:

"At length when they came to a valley of ants, one of the ants said: 0' ants! Get into your holes lest Sulaiman and his hosts crush you without knowing it.   Thereupon he smiled at her speech and he said: 0' my Lord! So order the that I may be grateful for Your flavors which You have bestowed upon me and my father and that I may work the righteousness that will please Thee and admit me by Your grace into the ranks of Your righteous servants.'' (27: 18, 19)

The King did not proceed further because he did not like the butchery which would result in case of clash between two armies.  His purpose was to reform the queen and the inhabitants of Saba.  He desired to bring them to the right path.  He wished to protect the depraved people from temptation.

When the queen got wind of an expected assault of the Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) she proceeded towards him to patch up differences.  When the King came to know of her departure, he commanded a servant of Allah, who had the knowledge to bring the magnificent throne of the queen in the twinkling of an eye.  The order was obeyed immediately.  When the queen reached at the court of Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) after a long journey, she was asked to identify her throne.  She recognized the throne and said:

"I am already aware of your power and majesty.  I have come to you as your submissive servant."

The Holy Qur'an states:

"So when she arrived she was asked: Is it your throne? She said: It was just like this and we were given the knowledge before it and we were already submissive and he diverted her from the worship of others besides Allah, for she was Sprung of a people that have no faith." (7:4L, 43)

The queen was taken to the lofty mansion .  Its floor was made of slabs of polished glass that tricked the eyes and looked like water.  The queen tucked up her shirt to pass through it.  She was reminded that that was not water.  She then perceived that reality did not lay at the surface and it needed eyes to see.  According to the Holy Qur'an she said:

"O' my Lord! I have indeed wronged myself; I do submit with Sulaiman to the Lord of the Worlds." (27:45)

The queen of Saba felt repentance and accepted the religion of God.   The Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) governed for thirty years.  He died at the age of eighty-nine years.  After his death Rohoboam, his son became a king.   He led a luxurious life and yielded to pleasure seeking seductions .  The people revolted against him and soon the glorious chapter of the reign of Prophet Dawud's family came to an end.

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