a The prophet Job - .

The prophet Job

The prophet Job


The prophet Job

Ibn Ishaaq stated that he was a man of Rum. His names was Job Ibn Mose Ibn Razeh Ibn Esau Ibn Isaac Ibn Abraham. Someone else said he was Job Ibn Mose, Ibn Rimil Ibn Esau Ibn Isaac Ibn Jacob. There have also been other statements in his offspring . Ibn Asaker recited that his mother was a daughter of Prophet Lot.It was said, also, that his father was one who believed in Abraham when he was cast into the fire.
The first opinion is the most reasonable as he was a descendant of Abraham's descent as Allah Almighty declared:
"That was the reasoning about Us which We gave to Abraham (to use) against his people: We raise whom We will degree after degree: for thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge. We gave him Isaac and Jacob: all (three) We  guided: and before him We guided Noah and before him We guided Noah and among his progeny David Solomon Job Joseph Moses and Aaron: thus do We reward those who do good" Quran 6:83-84
Allah the Almighty praised His worshiper Job in His Glorious Quran:
"Truly! We found him patient. How excellent a slave! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance to Us" Quran 38:44
Job was penitent , remembering Allah with thankfulness, patience and steadfastness. This was the reason of his salvage and the secret of Allah's praising him.
A group of angels were discussing Allah's other human creatures, how those who were humble gained Allah's anger , while those who were snooty incurred His displeasure. One of the angels remarked:
"The best creature on earth today is Job, a man of noble character who displays excellent patience and always remembers his Generous Lord. He is  an excellent model for the worshipers of Allah. In return, his Lord has blessed him with a long life and plenty of fortunes , yet he is never arrogant or selfish. His family, his servants, as well as the poor and the needy share in his good fortune; he feeds and clothes the poor and buys gladiators to set them free. He makes those who get his charity feel as if they are favoring him, so kind and gentle is he."
Iblis, overhearing all this, became disturbed . He planned to attract Job to corruption and disbelief, so he accelerated to him. He tried to distract Job from his prayers by whispering to him about the good things in life, but  Job was a true believer and would not let evil thoughts attract him. This annoyed Iblis more; thus he started to hate Job even more.
Iblis grumbled to Allah about Job. He said that although he was continuously glorifying Allah, he was not doing so out of his sincerity but to please Allah so that his fortune should not be removed . It was all a show, all out of greed. "If You take away his wealth then You will find that his tongue will no longer mention Your name and his praying will stop."
Allah told Iblis that Job was one of His most honest devotees. He did not worship Him because of the favors; his worship stemmed from his heart and had nothing to do with material things. But to prove Iblis the depth of  Job' s sincerity and patience, Allah permitted him to do whatever he and his helpers wished with Job's fortune .
Iblis was very glad . He collected his helpers and set about devastating Job's cattle, servants, and farms until he was left with no properties . Rubbing his hands in glee, Iblis appeared before Job in the guise of a wise old man and said to him:
"All your riches is lost. Some people say that it is because you grant too much charity and that you are wasting your time with your persistent prayers to Allah. Others say that Allah has bought this upon you in order to satisfy your foes . If Allah had the ability to prohibit harm, then He would have protected your riches "
True to his belief, Job replied:
"What Allah has taken away from me belongs to Him. I was only its trustee for a while. He grants to whom He wills and withholds from whom He wills"
With these words, Job again kneeled to his Lord.
When Iblis saw this, he felt depressed , so he again declaimed Allah:
"I have stripped Job of all his properties , but he still stays thankful to You. However, he is only hiding his disappointment, for he puts great store by his many children. The real test of a parent is through him children. You will then see how Job will refuse You"
Allah gave Iblis authority, but alerted him that it would not reduce  Job's faith in his Lord nor his patience.
Iblis again collected his helpers and set about his evil acts . He shook the foundation of the house in which Job's children were living and sent the building crashing, murdering all of them. Then he went to Job disguised as a man who had come to sympathize with him. In a comforting tone he said to Job:

"The circumstances under which your children died were sorrowful. Surely, your Lord is not rewarding you properly for all your prayers?"
Having said this Iblis waited anxiously, hoping Job was now ready to refuse Allah. But again Job disapointed him by answering :
"Allah sometimes grants and sometimes takes. He is sometimes pleased and sometimes displeased with our acts . Whether a thing is profitable or harmful to me, I will stay firm in my belief and stay grateful to my Creator"
Then Job kneeled to his Lord. At this Iblis was extremely vexed. Iblis again called on Allah:
"O my Lord, Job's riches is gone, his children are dead, but he is still healthy in body, and as long as he enjoys good health he will persist to worship You in the hope of recovering his riches and producing more  children. Grant me authority over his body so that I may weaken it. He will surely neglect worshiping You and with thus becomes disobedient"
Allah wanted to teach Iblis a lesson that Job was a loyal servant of his Lord, so He gave Iblis his third demand but put a condition:
"I give you authority over his body but not over his soul, intellect, or heart, for in these places reside the knowledge of Me and My religion"
Armed with this new authority, Iblis started to take revenge on Job's body and filled it with illness until it was reduced to mere skin and bone and  he suffered severe pain. But through all the suffering Job stayed string in his faith, patiently bearing all the hardships without grumbling . Allah's righteous servant did not despair or turn to others for assistance but stayed optimistic of Allah's Mercy. Even close relatives and friends deserted him. Only his kind loving wife remained with him. In his hour of need, she  showered her kindness on him and cared for him. She remained his sole comrade and comforter through many years of his suffering.
Ibn Asaker narrated:
"Job was a man having much riches of all sorts : beasts, slaves, sheep, vast lands of Haran and many children. All those favors were taken from him and he was physically afflicted as well. Never a single organ was sound except his heart and tongue, with both of which he dignified Allah, the Almighty all the time day and night. His illness lasted for a long time until his visitors felt disgusted with him. His friend kept away from him, and people refrained from visiting him. No one felt sympathy for him except his wife. She took good care of him, knowing his former charity and pity for her"
Therefore, Iblis became hopeless . He consulted his helpers but they could not advise him. They asked:
"How is it that your cleverness cannot work against Job, yet you managed in misleading Adam, the father of man, out of paradise?"
Iblis went to Job's wife in the form of a man. "Where is your husband?" he asked her.
She pointed to an almost lifeless form crumpled on the bed and said: "There he is, suspended between life and death."
Iblis reminded her of the days when Job had good health, riches and children. Suddenly, the painful memory of yeas of hardship defeated her,  and she burst into tears. She said to Job:
"How long are you going to bear this tournament from our Lord? Are we to stay without riches , children or friends forever? Why don't you call upon Allah to remove this suffering?"
Job sighed, and in a soft voice answered :
"Iblis must have whispered to you and made you dissatisfied. Tell me, how long did I enjoy good health and wealth ?"
She answered , "For eighty years"
Then Job asked, "How long am I suffering like this?"
She said, "for seven years"
Then Job told her:
"In that case I am ashamed to call on my Lord to remove the hardship, for I have not suffered longer than the years of good health and plenty. It seems your faith has weakened and you are dissatisfied with the fate of Allah. If I ever regain health, I swear I will penalized you with a hundred strokes! From this day onward, I forbid myself to eat or drink anything from your hand. Leave me alone and let my Lord do with me as He pleases."
Crying bitterly and with a heavy heart, she had no choice but to leave him and seek shelter elsewhere. In his helpless state, Job turned to Allah, not to grumble but to seek His mercy:
"Verily, distress has seized me, and You and the Most Merciful of all those who show Mercy. So We answered his call, and We removed the distress that was on him, and We restored his family to him (that he had lost) and the like thereof along with them - as a mercy from Ourselves and a Reminder for all who worship Us" 
Quran 21:83-84
Almighty Allah also instructed:
"Commemorate Our servant Job behold he cried to his Lord: "The Evil One has afflicted me with distress and suffering"! (The command was given:) "Strike with thy foot: here is (water) wherein to wash cool and refreshing and (water) to drink." And We gave him (back) his people and doubled their number as a Grace from Ourselves and a thing for commemoration for all who have Understanding." Quran 38:41-43
Job obeyed, and almost immediately his good health was retrieved. Meanwhile, his loyal wife could no longer bear to be parted from her husband and went back to beg his forgiveness, desiring to serve him. On entering the house, she was surprised at the sudden change: Job was again healthy! She embraced him and thanked Allah for His mercy.
Job was now worried, for he had taken an oath to punish her with a hundred strokes if he regained health, but he had no desire to hurt her. He knew if he did not fulfill the oath, he would be guilty of breaking a promise to Allah. Therefore, in His wisdom and mercy, Allah came to the help of His loyal servant, and advised him:
"And take in your hand a bundle of thin grass and strike therewith (your wife), and break not your oath. Truly we found him patient. How excellent a slave! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance to Us" Quran 38:44
Abu Huraira recited  that the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) said: "While Job was naked, taking a bath, a swarm of locusts fell on him, and he began gathering them in his garment. His Lord called him: 'O Job! Have I not made you too wealthy to need what you see?' He said: 'Yes, O Lord! But I cannot shun Your Blessings" (Bukhari).

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